1. facts, information, and skills acquired through experience or education; the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject.
  2. awareness or familiarity gained by experience of a fact or situation.

Some philosophers refer to ‘What we know’ and ‘How we know it’ in discussing knowledge. Another way to view this is in:

  • the ‘body of knowledge’ derived from what is already established in a field, and
  • our ‘personal knowledge’ derived from experience.

We use adult learning theory to incoporate what is known in a field with what has been learnt from one’s experience. Then further building one’s skill and knowledge in a pragmatic, active and practical learning environment. We bring real world examples from our own practice and ask our trainees to bring their experiences, dilemmas and curiosity to be addressed during training. This facilitates readiness to apply skills and knowledge beyond the learning environment. Supervision is offered to strengthen trainees’ confidence.

Borrowing a concept from information-processing in psychology we can add ‘top-down’ and ‘bottom-up’ processes to the learning framework.

  • Top-down would refer to information (from the body of knowledge) being sent ‘down’ (e.g., instructions, warnings, rules) and,
  • Bottom-up processes to information that are derived from real-world experience (e.g., mistakes, difficulties, observations) and could complement or contradict the knowledge previously believed.

Bottom-up learning can act as feedback to inform the ‘Top’ level by adding experience to what is already known. We incorporate both forms of learning in our training programs.

STAGE-28 is ethically and legally bound to update the comprehensive body-of-knowledge in mental health. We remain committed to our own scientific endeavour through encrypted data-collection portals using standardised, clinical questionnaires used in psychiatric and psychological research into work related stress and trauma.

©2021 Dr John Durkin

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